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 MediaPro MediaPro
03.08.2001 -  SCANDALUL MEDIA PRO Tiriac il acuza pe Sirbu de o manevra pe care el insusi o practica 

     Diminuarea ponderii lui Tiriac in actionariatul "Media Pro International" nu este decit o repetare a operatiunii pe care fostul tenisman a aplicat-o in Banca "Ion Tiriac". Procesul intentat de Ion Tiriac lui Adrian Sirbu la Tribunalul Bucuresti Sectia Comerciala nu este decit virful aisbergului, caci adevaratele neintelegeri dintre proprietarii grupului de presa "Media Pro" se consuma la mare adincime. Ion Tiriac se afla in pericol sa-i scada participarea la actionariatul "Media Pro International", de la 19%, la 2%, dupa ce restul actionarilor au decis sa mai aduca de acasa 10 milioane de dolari ca sa capitalizeze societatea aflata in mari dificultati financiare. Tiriac sustine ca Adunarea generala care a luat aceasta decizie nu a fost legala si vrea, prin instanta judecatoreasca, sa blocheze operatiunea. Scandalul, insa, are o alta origine: alarmat de pierderile nesfirsite raportate de grupul "Media Pro", Tiriac ar fi interesat sa vinda postul de televiziune "Pro TV". Potentialul client - trustul suedez SBS - este cel care a achizitionat alte doua posturi de televiziune ale Central Media Europe (CME) din care face parte si "Pro TV". In Romania, SBS detine, insa, 85% din actiunile postului de televiziune "Prima TV": a-i vinde si postul "Pro TV" ar insemna pentru Adrian Sirbu caderea intr-o pozitie pe care o considera "injositoare" - ar trebui sa i se subordoneze lui Cristian Burci, seful statiei "Prima TV". Acoperind sub aceasta justificare orgolioasa adevaratul motiv (dubioasele fluxuri financiare ale afacerilor "Media Pro"), Adrian Sirbu a sfidat cererea lui Ion Tiriac de a accede la documentele contabile ale grupului, acces fara de care nu poate avea loc auditarea in vederea vinzarii postului "Pro TV". Si ca sa ii blocheze posibilitatea pentru totdeauna, s-a folosit de operatiunea de majorare a capitalului social al "Media Pro", diluindu-i participarea la o cota nesemnificativa. In principiu, operatiunea este asemanatoare (dar mai putin "agresiva") celei din 1993, cind Ion Tiriac insusi si-a majorat ponderea in actionariatul Bancii "Ion Tiriac", diluindu-i artificial pe ceilalti actionari. Tiriac a invocat atunci un motiv ridicol - el subscrisese actiunile Bancii "Ion Tiriac" in dolari (1000 $/actine) spre deosebire de restul actionarilor care subscrisesera in lei (35.000 lei/actiune) - spunind ca, intrucit leul s-a devalorizat de patru ori in raport cu dolarul, el este in drept sa mai primeasca gratuit cite trei actiuni pentru fiecare actiune detinuta. Luati prin surprindere, micii actionari ai Bancii "Ion Tiriac" nu au putut reactiona la timp si asa s-a facut ca Tiriac si-a sporit gratis proprietatea asupra bancii, in asemenea masura incit sa-i poata vinde 20% Bancii Europene pentru Reconstructie si Dezvoltare (BERD) si sa ii ramina si 31% (adica, mai mult decit avusese). Micilor actionari le-au trebuit cinci ani ca sa se "destepte", astfel ca, incepind cu aprilie 1998 si pina in ianuarie 1999, au reusit prin procese in instanta sa mai recupereze cite ceva din valorile de care au fost spoliati. Succesivele majorari de capital social ale Bancii "Ion Tiriac" au fost anulate prin doua sentinte judecatoresti, astfel ca, in ianurie 1999, in evidentele Registrului Comertului banca figura cu un capital social de 10 miliarde de lei (ii fusesera radiate 93 de miliarde de lei), situindu-se sub limita minima de 50 de miliarde de lei stabilita de Banca Nationala. Intre timp, Banca "Ion Tiriac" si-a reglat situatia capitalului social si a incercat sa repare si nedreptatea suportata de actionarii minoritari, impartindu-le gratuit cite trei actiuni la una detinuta. Incercarea, insa, a stirnit nemultumirea BERD, deoarece actiunile gratuite au fost distribuite actionarilor initiali, dar nu si celor care au cumparat de la ei, asa cum era situatia sa. Peste aceasta nemultumire, s-a suprapus si cea a actionarilor initiali care au pretins dividendele cuvenite de-a lungul a sase ani si care au fost insusite nemeritat de grupul de firme al lui Tiriac prin care acesta isi exercita calitatea de actionar. Situatia nu a fost rezolvata niciodata, micii actionari fiind sleiti intre meandrele atit de intortocheate ale afacerii. Banca "Ion Tiriac" nu a mai impartit dividendele de doi ani. Anul trecut, pierderile Bancii "Ion Tiriac" se cifrau la 450 de miliarde de lei, conform unui comunicat al bancii difuzat anul acesta, in februarie. La aceasta pierdere participa si provizioanele la care o obliga Banca Nationala pentru a echilibra creditele neperformante. Desi la Adunarea generala a actionarilor, conducerea Bancii "Ion Tiriac" a refuzat sa dezvaluie care sint marii rau-platnici, zvonurile acrediteaza ca un credit de aproximativ 30 de milioane de dolari ar greva asupra firmelor din grupul "Media Pro". Toate aceste probleme ii creeaza multiple dificultati lui Tiriac: ii blocheaza intentia sa-si vinda participarea la banca (se vorbea, la un moment dat, de un astfel de interes al "Deutsche Bank"); il tine sub observatia Bancii Nationale prin care preseaza Banca Mondiala (sensibilizata la eradicarea "gaurilor negre" din economia noastra); il expune si examinarii severe a organismului international "Office de lutte antifraude" (OLAF) care supravegheaza investitiile facute din banii Uniunii Europene, asa cum este cazul cu actiunile Bancii "Ion Tiriac" achizitionate de BERD. Tabloul se completeaza cu pierderile financiare grele si fiscalitatea tulbure a "Media Pro", care nu ofera speranta sa furnizeze dividende sau sa dobindeasca capacitatea de plata - fie catre furnizori, fie catre banca, fie catre buget. Situatia nu pare sa aiba iesire nici prin forta trustului "Central Media Europe" de care tine "Media Pro", intrucit actiunile sale au fost suspendate de la tranzactionarea pe piata extrabursiera newyorkeza - Nasdaq - in urma caderii pretului lor de piata sub nivelul valorii de emisiune, de aproape 100 de ori. In acest context, procesul pe care Tiriac i l-a intentat lui Sirbu, ar putea debloca, cit de cit, operatiunile de insanatosire ale afacerilor fostului campion al tenisului. Dar, un control asupra afacerilor "Media Pro", declansat in acest rastimp de Ministerul Finantelor (asa cum ar cere respectarea legii), probabil ca ar fi fatal ambelor parti implicate in proces.
     Florian Goldstein

 
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