Project: Bucharest authorities will be able to intervene for the protection of Romanian citizens abroad

English Section / 3 aprilie

Project: Bucharest authorities will be able to intervene for the protection of Romanian citizens abroad

Versiunea în limba română

Romanian citizens who are in danger outside the national territory will benefit from the intervention of our country to ensure their protection, according to the draft law that will establish the National System for Integrated Management of Crisis Situations (SNMISC), a legislative initiative put into public debate by the Ministry National Defense.

Until now, the legislation in force did not provide for the existence of such an intervention, and the future instrument is made available to the President of Romania, in the context in which the Republic of Moldova is under the hybrid threat of the Russian Federation, and official statistics show that over 600,000 Moldovans have Romanian citizenship.

Thus according to paragraph 4 of article 4 of the draft law, "The President of Romania can order, at the proposal of the Prime Minister, the necessary measures to protect Romanian citizens who are in danger outside the national territory, according to the law".

The same article stipulates in paragraph 3 that the Parliament approves the employment of military and non-military forces on the territory of the Romanian state or outside it, to counter hybrid threats, at the proposal of the President of Romania, after consulting the Supreme Council of Defense of the Country.

The new draft normative act provides the framework for unitary action at the national level in the management of crisis situations, for the defense and promotion of national security interests, as well as for Romania's participation in international crisis management. The legislative initiative defines crisis, crises in specific fields (civil emergencies, defense, terrorism, cyber, consular), integrated crisis management, national resilience and essential services, and basic principles are established in crisis management, such as prioritizing the protection of life, defending national security interests, anticipating and preventing crisis-generating events, and ensuring a rapid and effective response.

According to the quoted document, the integrated management of crisis situations must be carried out gradually, depending on their nature, extent, complexity, intensity and consequences. The project identifies the national decision-making authorities, including the Parliament, the President of Romania, the Supreme Council of National Defense and the Government of Romania, details the roles of the authorities and institutions with coordination and support responsibilities within the SNMISC and provides how non-governmental organizations can provide support to the system, on a voluntary or on-demand basis.

The draft describes the phases of the national process of integrated crisis management, from surveillance and warning to the transition to the state of normality, and also establishes the specific responsibilities of the various authorities and institutions in ensuring the effective functioning of SNMISC and in responding to crises.

After the law will be adopted by Parliament and promulgated by the country's president, within 30 days of its entry into force (the law would enter into force 90 days after its publication in the Official Gazette) the Government will approve an organizational regulation and operation of SNMISC.